Belgium was initially controlled by the United Kingdom of the Netherlands (now known as the Netherlands), but became an independent country through the Belgian Revolution. Initially, the British had control over the Belgian territory until they jointly ruled the area with the Dutch.
The Belgian Revolution roots from many of the Belgian’s believing that King William I was despotic. This was because King William I had various policies that went against the people’s beliefs as most Belgians were Catholics. As history repeats itself, Just like the French Revolution, many were poor and unemployed which caused high amounts of civil disrest. There were other causes of the Belgian Revolution that led to the succession which also was because of the lack of resources to trade among people for food. Also, the attempt to have Dutch as the national language created controversy as Belgian’s believed that they would try to create it as their own country and take control of them.
The beginning of the Belgian Revolution begun with stores getting looted. The high levels of unemployment and King William I’s unwillingness to help out created unrest among the lower and higher class of the land which started the idea of declaring independence.
The Belgian Revolution began on August 25, 1830. Many stores were being broken into and being robbed. In Brussels, riots began and started a large group of people to cause tension among the country. As the riots increased, the movement followed suit. Many leaders started talking about declaring independence from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and spoke about secession from King William I.
The Netherlands saw the people residing in Belgium joining the movement and decided to allow for independence instead of fighting to keep them under their territorial control. The state of Brussels declared independence.
After declaring Belgium as its own independent country, they created their own government in which a congress that appealed to the whole country became enacted. However, King William I continued his persistence to take control of Belgium, but failed to take control through military means. By the end of 1830, in the London Conference, they saw the country of Belgium as its own independent state. With this in mind, Belgium created their own constitution in order to affirm their independence from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The official ruler of Belgium became King Leopold I. However, the Dutch refused to accept Belgium’s independence until they officially signed the Treaty of London in 1839, which highlighted Belgian independence.