There are many types of Brazilian foods and spices that have come from different parts of the world. Brazil’s dishes and traditional cuisines incorporate European, African, and Portuguese spices and herbs. In the 16th century, the Portuguese brought “sugar, citrus fruits, cinnamon” and many other styles of cooking. In addition, the Tupi-Guarani, an Indian tribe, planted and cultivated Manioc (vegetable) “from which Brazilians learned to make tapioca and farofa , ground manioc, which is similar to fine breadcrumbs.” This type of vegetable became so popular that it has become one of Brazil’s main foods.
Brazil’s tropical and humid climate allow a variety of fruits and vegetables to grow within the region. “Mangos, papayas (also known as paw paws), guavas, granadillas and pineapples are all firm favourites.” These types of fruits are cooked in traditional dishes and are often associated with indigenous foods. Brazil is filled with thousands of landscape that serve to plant and harvest different sorts of fruits and vegetables. In fact, just the foods and spices constitute for about half of the top ten exports of Brazil. Coffee, tea, and spices alone account for $6.5 billion. Thus, Brazil’s rainforests and plants allow the country to produce the third largest quantity of cocoa in the world.
Some of Brazil’s main foods consist of beans, rice, and manioc. Some of the cuisines serve for religious purposes while others are cooked for everyday eating. Some of the dishes are called “Feijoada (black bean stew), Vatapá (a shrimp and cashew nut dish), Pastel de Acelgas (swiss chard and chorizo sausage tart), Moqueca de Peixe (a fish stew with plenty of coconut flavouring), and Cururu de Camarao (a gumbo (stew or soup) made from shrimp and okra).” Many fruits and vegetables of the region are key ingredients to Brazilian traditional dishes.
A typical Brazilian breakfast is composed of coffee, slice of cheese, and a piece of bread or toast. Lunch, which is often the most important meal of the day in Brazil, is often the largest portion of food one receives. One usually will eat beans, rice, and a piece of meat depending on the region and affordability of the food. Because Brazil doesn’t have many fast foods like the U.S. does, Brazilian streets are often filled with vendors selling Brazilian pastries and snacks consisting of empadas, arepas, and pudim. In the afternoon/evening, locals enjoy eating supper that usually contains similar foods to that of lunch. In addition, some of the drinks that accompany the dishes include coffee, milk, natural juices, and soda. Contrary to the U.S, many of the foods and dishes in Brazil are organic, natural, and often are free from conservatives and chemically modified ingredients. This enhances the quality of food in Brazil and eliminates many health risks among the population.