Tanner O’Donnell & Allison Howells
1756-1753-: 7 Years War
France lost many of its territories, and Canada to the British Empire.
1789: French Revolution
Ended the rule of the monarchy and brought about the First Republic of France.
Napoleon Bonaparte’s rise to power, and reign after initiating a coup to overthrow the government in December of 1804.
End of Napoleon’s reign and the rebirth of the monarch system in France.
1848: Fall of King Louis-Philippe
Revolution by Parisian citizens, that ended the rule of the Orleans monarchy, and elected Louis Napoleon Bonaparte as president of the Second Republic.
Ends the Second Empire and the rule of Napoleon III, and then establishes the Third Republic
1907: Creation of Triple Entente
The alliance between France, Britain, and Russia before World War I.
1914-18: World War I
The great war that divided the content of Europe between the Central (Austria-Hungry, Germany) and the Allied powers (Russia, France, United Kingdom, Serbia, Italy, Belgium, and the United States).
End of World War I, which lead to the deceleration of reparations that Germany had to pay for the war.
1936-38: Rise of Popular Front
Alliance of left-wing movements, that lead to the formation of a socialist government.
1939-45: World War II
The Second Great War that divided the European content and world between the Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria) and the Allie powers (United States, Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia)
Foundation and life of the Fourth Republic, which lead to economic reconstruction and many french colonies gaining independence during this time.
1951: European Coal and Steel Community
Treaty signed in Paris by France, Germany, Italy, and Benelux for the formation of a locality that allowed for the free flow of steel and coal, as well as the resources between these nations.
1954: France defeat in first Indochina War
The first war taking place in Vietnam for independence. France lost to Viet Minh, and the lose of the French colony. These events then lead to the Vietnam war.
1958: Fifth Republic
The Fourth Republic collapses after defeat in Indochina and Algeria’s revolt against the French Government. De Gaulle replaced constitution as the founding president of the Fifth Republic.
1968: Nationwide Strike
– The university student protests against the capitalist economy of France had spread into a national strike, as workers quickly joined. This social revolution was the largest, nationwide strike in France.
France signed the Maastricht Treaty that created the euro and established the foundation of the European Union.
1995: President Jacques Chirac
President Jacques Chirac is elected, ending 14 years of Socialist presidents. His platform focused on lowering taxes and business privatization.
2002: The Euro
The Euro officially replaces the Franc after 3 years of transition.
2002:– Workers Strike
Workers strike against government’s privatization plan. Cohabitation between the President and the prime minister ends.
2003: Pension Reforms
Parliament approves controversial reforms to pension system, changing the retirement age and requirements.
2005: “No” to EU Constitution
The French referendum rejects ratifying constitution for the European Union. Prime Minister Raffarin resigns following the “no” victory.
2006: New Immigration Laws
New immigration restrictions are established that make it difficult for migrants to settle in France without skilled labor.
2007: Controversial Arms Deal With Libya
President Sarkozy implements new reforms, specifically regarding immigration entry laws. France and Libya sign arms deal.
2008-2010: Financial Crisis
France is hit with the global financial crisis.
2010: European Union Conflict
The European Union calls for legal action against after France violates the 2004 EU directive on Freedom of Movement with a series of deportations.
2010: Military Accord
France and the United Kingdom sign a military accord.
2011: Austerity Measures
With economic growth falling, the French government announces new austerity measures to improve the economy.
2011: Charlie Hebdo attacks
Islamic extremists destroy offices at the satirical newspaper headquarters, Charlie Hebdo.
2012: France Recognises Genocide
The Senate approves a bill, now making it a crime to deny the Armenian genocide.
2012:– Ban on militant Islamic Preachers
After an Islamic extremist shooting in Toulouse, France bans militant Islamist preachers from entering the country.
France is plagued with a second recession. The IMF urges France to lower its costs and taxes to avoid the widening gap amongst its European neighbours. Hollande’s measures were criticised, as he generally relied on raising taxes rather than reducing spending.
2014: Unemployment Rises
Unemployment rises and President Hollande announces he will not seek a second term if he fails to improve joblessness. Hollande continues to take measures to bring unemployment down. These include implementing furlough days.
2015: Charlie Hebdo Attack
Islamist gunmen kill 17 people at the Charlie Hebdo headquarters in Paris. France announces new security measures to investigate crimes and Islamic extremists.
A training camp in Syria was accused of planning terrorist attacks in Europe. After a few weeks of surveillance operations, France launched an air strike and destroyed the training camp.