An African Kingdom: 1957

In 1957 Muhmmad V proclaimed himself King. It wasn’t until 1960 that they were to have elections, but King Muhammad took the role of prime minister, and gave his son the title of crown prince. Muhammad V died, and his son became king in 1961. Hassan ruled for over 40 years, but had little to no regard for civil rights. There were many riots and attempts to reform the constitution, but King Hassan remained the king until his death in 1999.

Hassan’s rule did not help relations with neighboring Algeria and Mauritania, causing Algeria to redraw their borders. It is during this time that the conflict within the Western Sahara emerges.