Moyano Law was Spain’s public education plan. It was kept until 1970, when the General Law on Education was passed. The school system now has: preschool, primary school for ages 6-11year olds, secondary school 12-16, baccalaureate school for 17 and 18, and university. Through the Moyano Law, education is free and required by law for all children between the ages of 6 and 16.
The importance of this law, was that it allowed for private schools to emerge instead of there only being Catholic school. The occurrence of there only being Catholic schools came about when Francisco Franco defeated the socialist party in the civil war. In order to gain more control, Franco aligned himself with Spain’s Catholic Church. Since Spain had always had ties to the Catholic Church, the government was able to use the educational system as reenforcing nationalism and religion to promote their fascist agenda.
As mentioned before, after the Moyano Law came the General Education Law of 1970, which reorganized the educational system. By this law, general education was universal and compulsory for students between the ages of six and fourteen, and also made up by both primary and secondary schools. This law was later altered in 1990 by the addition of the Organic Law. Which added that both primary and secondary educations were to be made free and mandatory.
By Nancy Rebolledo