Spain’s Local Government

In 1833, the local government was originally called provinces that were intended to be intermitters for the police and the central government. The provinces are now brought together and  depend on the eight thousand municipal governments. Their structure is   made up by a council, a commission (a kind of cabinet), and a mayor.  The votes are cast for parties, not for individual candidates.

Following the end of Francisco Franco’s dictatorship, Spain under went a transition from a country being controlled by a dictator to a democracy. In  October 1978, the Spanish constitution gave regions their own governments, which included having regional assemblies and supreme legal authorities. At the same time, the central government was allowed to retain its power in  foreign affairs, international trade, military, and law.

Under the constitution, Spain was divided into  seventeen autonomous regions. Each one has a structure of having its own president, government, administration and supreme court (plus its own flag and capital city). The regions are funded by the central government and  are given the responsibility of education, health, police, tourism, and choosing their local language. Tensions have arisen because some regions have less autonomy and fewer responsibilities. For example, the Basque Country, Catalonia and Galicia have been recognised as separate ethnic groups and are allowed to choose their own languages to implement in their education systems. As of right now every region is  revising their Autonomy Statutes.

In more recent years, Spain’s government has been under scrutiny over scandals of corruption, where officials have been caught taking bribes, pocketing millions of euros, financing political parties illegally, avoiding paying taxes, fraud, misappropriation of public funds, and illegal patronage.

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