The Battle for Madrid was a key event during the Spanish Civil War that determined the which of the sides was the winner. Since Madrid is the capital, the battle of the control of Madrid was also the battle for control of the government. However, the outcome the Battle for Madrid was inconclusive as to who controlled the entire city.
It began when General Franco was determined to capture Madrid, after he seized Toledo. The Nationalist forces used air force to bomb territories where Republicans populated the most. The taking over of Madrid lasted for three years. It began when Nationalist forces invaded Madrid in 1936 and the city eventually fell to Nationalist forces March 28, 1939.